In this book, the methodology of dynamical systems theory is applied to investigate the physics of the global ocean circulation. Topics include the dynamics of the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic Ocean, the stability of the thermohaline circulation and the El NiÂ¤o/Southern Oscillation phenomenon in the Tropical Pacific. On the other hand, the book also deals with the numerical methods for applying bifurcation analysis on large dimensional dynamical systems, with thousands or more degrees of freedom, which arise through discretization of ocean models. The novel approach in understanding the phenomena of climate variability is through a systematic analysis within a hierarchy of models using these techniques. In this way, a nice overview is obtained of the relations between the results of the different models within the hierarchy. Mechanistic description of the physics of the results is provided and, where possible, links with results of state-of-the-art models and observations are sought. The reader is expected to have a background in basic incompressible fluid dynamics and applied mathematics, although the level of the text is mixed and sometimes quite introductory. Each chapter is rather self-contained and many details of derivations are provided. The book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in meteorology, oceanography, and related fields who are interested in tackling fundamental problems in dynamical oceanography and climate dynamics.
"The study and measurement of spatio-temporal characteristics of wave breaking and sea foam formations are of fundamental importance in ocean remote sensing. Breaking Ocean Waves is the first comprehensive description of the physical findings from investigations into these characteristics by optical and microwave remote sensing." "Much emphasis is placed on the physical aspects of the breaking processes required to measure the possibilities and limitations of remote sensing methods in specific observations of an oceanic surface. The highly significant contribution of various types of foam formations to the mean, and the spatio-temporal variations of radio emission, back-scattering, IR and optical parameters of the disturbed sea surface are analysed and discussed. Numerous illustrations are provided from air-borne, ship-borne and up-to-date laboratory experiments, as well as the practical applications arising from these activities."--BOOK JACKET.
How can you become free from everyday stress and persistent worry? Put away the mobile phone, log off your computer, and turn off the TV. Instead pick up your Ocean Dreaming colouring book and lets get started on the path to relaxation and rejuvenation. Colouring allows your mind to focus on a task that is enjoyable, it invites stillness and encourages switching off from daily stress. Because colouring requires focus, it is a very meditative and mindful process.
In this book there are 50 illustrations inspired by the Ocean. As you focus on the action of colouring, you will find stress disappearing and your mind becomes clearer, allowing relaxation and rejuvenation to become part of your everyday life.
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